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华胜平台真人,英语阅读理解答题口诀
发布时间:2020-01-09 09:05:27 来源:未知 阅读量:4070

华胜平台真人,英语阅读理解答题口诀

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阅读理解题量多,分值大,是高考的重要部分。想要得高分,一定要做好“ 猜词义、巧推理”

一、 猜词义,扫除阅读拦路虎。

猜词是应用英语的重要能力,也是高考中常用的题型,这不但需要准确无误地理解上下文,而且要有较大的阅读量,掌握或认识较多的

课外词汇。我们要学会“顺藤摸瓜”,通过构词、语法、定义、同位、对比、因果、常识、上下文等线索确定词义。

1. 定义法

如:annealing is a way of making metal softer by heating it and then letting it cool very slowly. 句子给予annealing 以明确的定

义,即“退火”。

it will be very hard but also very brittle — that is, it will break easily.

从后面的解释中我们可以了解到brittle是“脆”的意思。

the herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a year.

定语从句中looks after sheep 就表明了herdsman 的词义为“牧人”。

2. 对比法

如:she is usually prompt, but today she arrived in the middle of her first class.

but一词表转折,因此but 前后的意思正相反。后半句的意思是“她今天第一节课都上了一半才来”,因此反向推理,可得出她平时一向“准时

”的结论。

3. 因果法

如:the lack of movement caused the muscles to weaken. sometimes the weakness was permanent. so the player could never play

the sport again.

从后面的结果“永远不能再运动”中,可以推测 permanent 的意思为“永远的,永久的”。

二、 巧推理,做好深层理解题。

在实际阅读中,有时作者并未把意图说出来,阅读者要根据字面意思,通过语篇逻辑关系,研究细节的暗示,推敲作者的态度,理解文

章的寓义。这就是通常所说的深层理解。深层理解主要包括归纳概括题(中心思想、归纳标题等)和推理判断题。深层理解是一种创造性的思维

活动,既要忠实于原文,以文章提供的事实和线索为依据,立足已知推断未知,不能凭空想象,随意揣测,又要读者对文字的表面信息进行分析

、挖掘和逻辑推理,不能就事论事,以偏概全。只有吃透文章的字面意思,推理才有前提和基础。推理题在提问中常用的词有:infer, imply,

suggest, indicate等。如:

annealing is a way of making metal softer by heating it and then letting it cool very slowly. if metal is heated and

then cooled very quickly, for example, by dipping (浸) it in water, it will be very hard but also very brittle — that is, it

will break easily. metal that has been annealed is soft but does not break as easily. it is possible to make metal as hard or

as soft as it is wished by annealing it. the metal is heated and allowed to cool slowly for a certain length of time. the

longer the heated metal takes to cool slowly, the softer it becomes. annealing can also be used on other material, such as

glass.

1. why do people put hot metal in water?

a. to make it hard.

b. to make it soft.

c. to make it cool.

d. to make it brittle.

2. in annealing, the required hardness of metal depends on ______.

a. the quantity of water used

b. the temperature of the metal

c. the softness of the metal

d. the timing of the operation

3. as suggested by the passage, how can glass be made less brittle?

a. it can be heated and then cooled quickly.

b. it can be cooled and then heated slowly.

c. it can be heated and then cooled slowly.

d. it can be cooled and then heated quickly.

1. a。推断归纳题。文中第二句说如果把金属加热,然后迅速放到水里冷却,也就会变得非常硬,但也变得脆。hard 是工艺的主观目的。

brittle是伴随的客观结果,故选a而不选d。

2. d。概括归纳题。timing 是时间的选择。本题的依据是the metal is heated ... length of time. the longer ... the softer it

becomes. 冷却的时间是可以控制的,时间越长, 金属的硬度就越低。由此我们可得出结论:在退火过程中,金属的硬度是受到冷却的时间长短

影响的。

3. c。推理判断题。最后一句说退火工艺同样可用于像玻璃一类的其他材料。文中我们已知annealing就是先加热后慢慢冷却。由此推断c是正确

的。

除此以外,考生还要养成良好的阅读习惯。

1. 养成默读习惯,使注意力集中在文字符号上,纠正唇读、心读、喉读等做法,以免分散精力,影响阅读速度。

2. 克服指读、回视、重读等不良习惯,因为这样容易使理解只停留在某个词或句子上,使获得的信息支离破碎。要善于抓住句子中的核心词,

从一个句子快速地扫视到另一个句子,进行连贯性理解。如:

“would you like to do some shopping together with me? if you are free, please ring me back to tell me about it.”

这个句子,只要扫视划线的核心词,其语义就基本上清楚了。

英语阅读能力的培养是一个渐进的复杂过程,要养成每天阅读英语的习惯,循序渐进、持之以恒、精泛结合、广泛猎奇。

下次,我们会给大家讲解,如何培养良好的阅读习惯!

请点击,本页右上方蓝色的 “+关注”,订阅英语周报头条号,及时查收英语学习辅导内容!